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英语专业八级考试:人文知识之英国的气候

来源: 英语作文网 时间: 2011-08-20 阅读:

Climate

气候

1. Britain‘s favorable climate

英国有利的气候条件:

Britain has a maritime climate-winters are not too cold and summers are not too hot. It has a steady reliable rainfall throughout the whole year. The temperature varies within a small range.

英国属于海洋性气候:冬季不过于寒冷,夏季不过于炎热。全年有稳定可靠的降雨量,气温变化幅度小。

2.The factors that influence the climate in Britain:

影响英国气候的因素:

1)The surrounding waters tend to balance the seasonal differences by heating up the land in winter and cooling it off in summer;

环绕四周的海水。冬天,海水可使岛内气温升高,夏天则使气温降低,从而起到平衡季节温差的作用;

2)The prevailing south-west winds or the Westerlies blow over the country all the year round bringing warm and wet air in winter and keeping the temperatures moderate;

一年四季盛行的西南风和西风在冬季从大西洋带来温暖、潮湿的空气,使气温适宜;

3)The North Atlantic Drift passes the western coast of the British Isles and warms them.

北大西洋暖流流经不列颠群岛西海岸,使气候变暖。

3.Rainfall

降雨量:

Britainhas a steady reliable rainfall throughout the whole year. The average annual rainfall in Britain is over 1,000mm. There is a water surplus in the north and west, and a water deficit in the south and east.

英国全年降雨量稳定,平均降雨量超过1000毫米。 英国北部、西部雨量较多,但是南部、东部有所缺乏。

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