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英语专业八级考试之模拟人文知识测试(三)

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英语专业八级考试之模拟人文知识测试(三)

__1__ ___ is the capital of Scotland.

A Dublin

B Edinburgh

C Cardiff

D New Castle

__2__ In history, Romans occupied Britain for about ___ years.

A 700

B 600

C 500

D 400

__3__ You can find the Grand Canyon in the State of ___.

A Arizona

B California

C New Mexico

D Chicago

__4__ Around ___ of New Zealanders are found in North Island.

A 3/4

B 1/2

C 3/5

D 2/5

__5__ In his novel Robinson Crusoe. Defoe portrayed successfully an image of an enterprising Englishman, typical of the English bourgeoisie in the ___ century.

A 16th

B 17th

C 18th

D 19th

__6__ In his works, Defoe praised the industrious, sturdy ___ and showed his sympathy for the downtrodden, unfortunate poor.

A working people

B aristocrats

C middle-class people

D capitalist upstarts

__7__ To some extent, the Romantic Movement revealed a ___ attitude toward the social and political conditions then.

A positive

B negative

C neutral

D prejudiced

__8__ In semantic studies, ___ refers to the inherent meaning of the linguistic form.

A sense

B synonym

C homonym

D reference

__9__ A linguistic situation in which two standard languages are used either by an individual or by a group of speakers is called ___.

A situational dialect

B slang

C linguistic taboo

D bilingualism

__10__ Syntactic change includes all the following EXCEPT ___.

A rule loss

B affix loss

C rule addition

D rule change

答案:

1. 选B。爱丁堡市是苏格兰首都。本题属于历史类问题。

2. 选D。历史上,罗马人曾占领英国约有400年之久。。本题属于历史类问题。

3. 选A。你可在美国的亚利桑那州找到大峡谷风景区。本题属于地理类问题。

4. 选A。约有四分之三的新西兰人在北岛居住。本题属于地理类问题。

5. 选C。通过其小说《鲁宾逊漂流记》,笛福成功地描绘了一个富有进取精神的、18世纪英国资产阶级的典型形象。。本题属于英国文学类问题。

6. 选C。通过自己的作品,笛福讴歌了勤劳、坚定的中产阶级,并对饱受蹂躏、命运被产的穷人表示了同情。。本题属于英国文学类问题。

7. 选B。在某种程度上,浪漫主义运动揭示了对当时社会、政治状况的否定态度。。本题属于英国文学背景类问题。

8. 选A。这道题考查语义学中意义的概念。

9. 选D。这套题考查考生对双语现象的理解。

10.选B。这道题考查句法变化的涵盖面。

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